A forex trading exchange market is a platform for trading of currencies worldwide. The rate of foreign exchange is determined by the forex market. This market, regarded as the largest market in the world, began in the 1970s. After this, traders experienced three decades of government restrictions on foreign exchange transactions under the monetary management of Bretton Woods System. With the exchange of currencies everyday, there are more than 4 trillion dollars exchanged. The huge international banks act as the key role players in this market. Buyers and sellers are anchored by financial centers throughout the world for 24hrs except on the weekends.
The market is usually open for 24hrs a day from Monday to Friday. The largest and most important trading centers include New York, Hong Kong, Paris, Tokyo, Zurich, Sydney, Frankfurt and London. When it comes to the forex market, unlike in stock exchange, there is no particular center market place. Forex brokers such as tradegbp.com and fxtrade 777 play major roles in the ongoing trading activities of forex market. These brokers are the ones who create a market for sellers and buyers. When the major banks quote a product (the forex), the brokers take this information from the banks and make an average approximation of all of them.
The reason as to why the brokers are said to create a market for the sellers and buyers is because they are the ones who make transactions of the trade and take over the other side of it. A trade forex broker, such as xxx, is also responsible for offering information about currency pairs, trading details and forex pricing hence encouraging the sellers and buyers not only to trade but also to make the right decisions on the best time to sell and the best time to buy. Forex trading allows conversion of currency. This encourages and helps the international trade and investments. For example, businesses in the United Sates are allowed to import goods from European Union countries and make payments in Euros, despite the income being in United States dollars.
Traders, consisting of individuals, institutions and corporations, trade in the forex market using three ways: the futures market, the forwards market and the spot market. The most popular and the largest of the three markets is the spot market being the basic real asset that the other two markets are based on. The futures market was in the past regarded as the largest and the most popular market since it was available to individual investors for longer periods. Over the time, electronic trading grew and spot market received a lot of activities within a short period of time and hence it outperformed the futures market. The futures and forwards markets are now mostly used by companies which aim in hedging their foreign exchange risks out to a particular date in future.
Forex trading offers several advantages to sellers. This is the reason why many people chose this market. Some of these advantages are as follows:
- No one is able to corner the market
The market, with the characteristic of being huge and having a lot of participants, cannot be controlled by a single player.
- The market doesn’t have a fixed lot size
For example, in the futures market, Lot sizes are determined by the exchanges. This allows participation of traders with small amounts of money.
- Forex market has low transaction costs
When the market conditions are normal, the retail transaction cost is usually less than 0.1%. This number may reduce depending on a trader’s leverage.
- No middlemen are ivolved
Last but not least, middlemen are eliminated in the spot currency trading and this allows traders to deal directly with the market.